Static Electricity and Fluids
Some fluids that are flammable and combustible (like fuel and other chemicals) can be a static electricity hazard depending on how conductive they are.
As fluids move through pipes or a hose they can build up a static charge because they cannot conduct electricity unless the pipe is grounded. A spark can result if enough of a charge has built up, and an explosion can occur. Solvents that are water soluble like alcohol generally do not build up static electricity because the water is conductive. However when the liquids are transferred into a non-conductive container like glass or plastic, a charge can build up because the plastic or glass does not adequately dissipate the charge in the solvent. Other factors are the flash point of the liquid, vapor pressure, air humidity, elevation, and temperature. For example, vapor levels in the air around the container will be higher in a hot room or on a hot day rather than on a cold day.